Here is a collection of the most frequently asked questions (FAQ) on our app about infertility, IUI, and IVF with answers from an Artificial Intelligence (AI) engine. The answers are designed to be concise and for information only; always seek professional help on medical matters.
What is infertility?
Infertility refers to the inability to conceive a child despite having regular, unprotected intercourse for a year or longer.
What causes infertility?
Infertility can be caused by a variety of factors, including age, hormonal imbalances, ovulation disorders, blockages in the reproductive system, and problems with sperm function or quantity.
What is IUI?
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing specially prepared sperm directly into a woman's uterus.
How does IUI work?
IUI involves collecting a semen sample from the male partner or a donor, preparing the sperm cells in a laboratory, and then placing them directly into the woman's uterus at the time of ovulation.
Who is a good candidate for IUI?
IUI may be recommended for couples with unexplained infertility, mild male factor infertility, and certain ovulation disorders, among other conditions.
What are the success rates of IUI?
Success rates of IUI vary depending on a number of factors, such as age, fertility history, and the underlying cause of infertility. However, on average, IUI has a success rate of around 10-20% per cycle.
Are there any risks or side effects associated with IUI?
The most common side effects of IUI include cramping, spotting, and mild discomfort during the procedure. There is also a slight risk of infection or injury to the uterus or other organs.
What is in vitro fertilization (IVF)?
IVF is a reproductive technology used to treat infertility. The process involves fertilizing an egg outside the body and transferring the resulting embryo to the uterus.
What is a sperm?
Sperm is the male reproductive cell that fertilizes the female egg.
What is ovulation?
Ovulation is the process by which a mature egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tube, making it available for fertilization.
What is a zygote?
A zygote is a fertilized egg formed by the fusion of a sperm and an egg.
What is pre-implantation genetic testing (PGT)?
PGT is a genetic test performed on embryos before they are implanted into the uterus during IVF to identify genetic abnormalities or diseases.
What is endometriosis?
Endometriosis is a disorder in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus, causing pain and infertility in some cases.
When IUI starts? IUI (intrauterine insemination) is typically performed during a woman's ovulation window, when she is most fertile. The exact timing will depend on each individual's menstrual cycle and ovulation patterns.
When does IVF start?
IVF (in vitro fertilization) typically starts on the second or third day of a woman's menstrual cycle.
What is an egg?
An egg is a female reproductive cell, also known as an ovum, that is released from the ovary during ovulation. It is necessary for fertilization by a sperm to potentially result in pregnancy.
How is IVF done?
IVF involves multiple steps: ovarian stimulation, egg retrieval, fertilization in the laboratory, and embryo transfer back into the woman's uterus.
Can IVF guarantee pregnancy?
IVF cannot guarantee pregnancy, but it can significantly increase the chances of fertilization and implantation.
Are there any risks or side effects to IVF?
The main risks of IVF include multiple pregnancies, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and ectopic pregnancy. Side effects can include bloating, cramping, and mood swings.
Who is a good candidate for IVF?
Couples who have been trying to conceive for a prolonged period of time, or who have underlying fertility problems, may be good candidates for IVF.
How successful is IVF?
Success rates vary depending on the individual's age, health, and other factors, but the average success rate for IVF is around 40-50%.